A friend recently messaged me on Facebook and asked if I’d like an old camera that was her father’s. I said yes, and she promptly sent me three cameras altogether: a Primo Jr., a Canon AE-1, and a Pentax K1000. All of them seem to work. Thank you, Jennifer!

The Primo Jr. was a short-lived (1958-1960) twin lens reflex (TLR) camera from Japan. The same company is also known as Topcon, a more familiar name in the camera world. The camera shoots in the 4cm x 4cm format, also known as 4×4, and accordingly uses 127 size film. No one really makes this film in large quantities anymore, but apparently a Japanese company cuts and rolls it. If you check around, you can see that someone’s cutting and rolling 160 and 400 speed color negative film that’s made in USA <cough> Portra <cough>, but in anticipation, I ordered two rolls of ReraPan 100, the Japanese brand.

What a delightful little camera! The quality is instantly noticeable from the weight of the camera in the hands to the placement and feel of the controls. Some bits of leatherette are missing on the face, but it’s hardly noticeable. Junior’s a handsome fellow.

At my first opportunity, I loaded the camera with film and went on a shooting excursion with my little boy. The Williamsburgh Savings Bank clock tower was looking mighty fine that morning, with dramatic clouds behind it. My son said “you should take that picture.” Indeed. I checked my light meter, set the aperture and shutter, and depressed the shutter button. Nothing. I wound the camera. It kept winding until the tension let free and I realized I had just wound up a $12 roll of film without taking a shot.


See those two silver bits above the crank? Yeah, you’re going to want to read the manual. After loading the film and winding it to “1,” and making sure the red window is shut (it has a sliding door to block light), you press down on the left button and simultaneously slide the right button over it (to the left). That resets the film counter and sets the shutter.

Fast forward a few days and a donation to Butkus and I was back outside, again with my son, trying out my new toy.

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This lens is sharp! Look at the details of the century of paint on this railing detail at the entrance to Fort Greene Park. The out-of-focus areas are rendered more pleasantly that I expected, given that the Seikosha-MXL shutter has only five aperture blades. Shooting against a point light source might work out differently.

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Prison Ship Martyrs Monument, Fort Greene, Brooklyn. See the eagle? See the smokestacks to the left of the eagle? See the bump on the left of the left-hand smokestack? That’s the Empire State Building. I could not get a vantage point to stick it between the two smokestacks.

I actually only got half the frames I expected out of this roll. I don’t know if the shutter malfunctioned, or if I screwed up. I learned later that you shouldn’t cock the shutter then choose the 1/500 shutter speed, which I’m pretty sure I did in order to shoot with a wider aperture at times. It was also below freezing out, so old lubrication might have been at fault.

The film? I like it fine, but I haven’t had enough experience with it yet. With such a small sample, I can’t tell if there was too much contrast in some of the scenes I shot. I was a little disappointed with my exposures. I was using a hand-held incident meter.

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My next trick will be to roll the unused film onto the used spool and paper backing. Should be fun. I’m sure I won’t curse at all. As much as I’d love to just buy a few more rolls and get on with my life, twelve dollars is twelve dollars.

I developed the ReraPan in Adox APH09 (older formulation of Rodinal) for 16.5 minutes at 68F/20C. I soaked it for a minute first then flushed. I agitated for 30 seconds at the beginning, then two gentle inversions every minute thereafter. Water stop, then TF-5 Fixer for 3 minutes (if you haven’t tried it you must). Rinse and wetting agent (LFN).

Here are a couple more shots of the camera and film (all shot with my phone). You can see the exposed gold-toned screws where the leatherette is missing.

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And another shot of the eagle. Have to get my money’s worth out of the shots that came out!

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CineStill only has a few days left to fund 120 film

I know this blog only reaches a few of the diehards, but if you haven’t considered putting support behind the CineStill team for bringing a unique 120 film to market, consider doing it now, when they have only 4 days left to fund their campaign. And even if you’re unable to fund it (or uninterested in it), do read their latest note. It’s a love letter to those (us) who are keeping film alive:

Dexter’s Camera: Another Kickstarter campaign to get behind

I live nowhere near Ventura, California, but the story behind Dexter’s Camera is touching: the employees love the place, they’ve fixed it up, and they realize that there’s little profit in selling digital stuff. If that’s not enough to warm your analog heart, you get stickers if you pledge just $10. STICKERS! Local photo processors are a treasure to the community, and while I’m privileged to live in New York City, which will probably have the last photo lab in the United States when the zombie apocalypse happens (why must I speculate), I think it’s a good idea to support film developers and slingers worldwide.

I’ve made a commitment, and I’m getting all kinds of schwag and some developing as well.

Check it out, make a commitment, and help them help their local film photographers. And support your local processors, too! Losing a local film resource can be devastating.

Outstanding work by Moises Saman for Wired magazine


A very difficult piece on content moderation in Internet-constrained countries (i.e. having to screen content for sexually violent material, beheadings, that kind of awful stuff), documented in a sensitive but narrative way by Moises Saman. None of the photographs are NSFW, but the subject matter in the text is haunting.

Flash/No Flash

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Yashica T4 / Arista Premium 400 (Tri-X) / Legacy Pro L-110 developer (HC-110) dilution B / 7 minutes

Kristen, Navy, SoHo, Manhattan

Contax T2, Tri-X, and HC-110


I want to love the Contax T2. Its elegant design, clean lines, and build quality promise a wonderful experience. And that it is until I develop a roll. Maybe it’s something I’m doing (or not doing), but I can only get the focus I want about 1/4 of the time. I may have to let this one go, though I said that long ago about the Yashica T4 and I’ve now owned at least 5 of those.

But when it does what I want it to… Read more…

Cheney Orr: Brooklyn-based photographer featured on Curbed


Superb personal work by a young man with an M6.

For me, it’s not that I don’t get to experience things because I’m behind the camera, it’s that the camera gives me an excuse to go out of my comfort zone.

Read more…


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